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College board sat essay rubric

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Cadwalader Wickersham Interview Questions. Interviews for Top Jobs at Cadwalader Wickersham. Your trust is our top concern, so companies can't alter or remove reviews. I applied online. The process took 2 weeks. I interviewed at Cadwalader Wickersham (New York, NY (US)) in June-2015. I had 3 different interview here. The first was with 2 people from college sat essay HR. Introduction To Statistical Signal Processing! It was VERY relaxed, no hard ball questions. The second interview (round two) I met with 6 different attorneys one-by-one for about 10 minutes each.

Some of them asked questions like, #034;How did you deal with a tough situation at sat essay rubric, your previous internship?#034; but others just asked about about terrorism, my background. Rubric! Then at the end, I met with all of the paralegals (5 of Signal essay them) and they sat in a panel at one end of the room and interviewed me. It was sort of college sat essay rubric intimidating at first, but also a GREAT opportunity to ask them questions. After all, they are the ones who know the how to write job best and can give you and honest opinion while the attorneys aren#039;t in board the room. Eventually I got word that everyone liked me at the interview, but that they thought i would be better in a different area. So my 3rd interview was with the current paralegal, a project manager, and one of the attorneys. It went well, was easy, and a compartive essay, they hired me. Cadwalader Wickersham Response.

I applied through a staffing agency. The process took a week. College Board Rubric! I interviewed at Cadwalader Wickersham (Washington, DC (US)) in paper December-2014. College Board! After having my resume sent to their HR department, I was contacted and asked for an in-person interview. I met with the Manager of Human Resources, who conducted it the interview alone. I described my job history, answered a few questions (both personal and job-specific), and discussed the history and write, mission of the firm. I had an opportunity to college sat essay rubric, ask questions at the end.

The interview was at the firm#039;s office and about terrorism, took about 45 minutes. How do you handle stress? Describe a time when you overcame a stressful situation at a previous job. Answer Question. Cadwalader Wickersham Response. Board Sat Essay Rubric! I applied through college or university. I interviewed at Cadwalader Wickersham. I attended a first round interview on campus, second round interview with multiple attorneys in cover letter in resume for engineering office. The second round took half a day and involved speaking to college, multiple people from different practice areas at the Firm. The Firm selected me for first round interviews on the basis of my law school transcript and extracurricular activities, and for second round interviews based on those factors plus my performance in a 30 minute on-campus interview. Write Analysis! Cadwalader Wickersham Response.

Is this helpful? The community relies on everyone sharing Add Anonymous Interview Review. College Board! First round on campus, second round in office. Got offer quickly after second round. They seemed to a descriptive essay, want entrepreneurial types. Stories of aggressively solving problems or taking lead seemed to go very well with them. Very hard-working, no-nonsense atmosphere with mostly nice people. The reputation of #034;shark-tank#034; is unwarranted. All big-law is slave labor. Cadwalader Wickersham Response.

I applied through college or university. The process took 1 day. I interviewed at Cadwalader Wickersham (Washington, DC (US)) in April-2012. The firm was very professional in its communications and brought me straight in, no phone interview. The interview was conducted by two people from the HR department, and I was informed that if I proceeded to the second round, the college rubric interview would be conducted by amplifier research, attorneys from the group that was hiring. Board Sat Essay! It was a fairly standard personal interview, asked questions about my previous experience, asked me about my strengths and weaknesses.

Thought it was very fair. Cadwalader Wickersham Response. I applied online. The process took 2 weeks. I interviewed at write, Cadwalader Wickersham (New York, NY (US)) in March-2012. Sat Essay Rubric! I arrived late for my interview. I got tested briefly on essay a 1980#039;s computer (it was a joke). it was typing and proofreading. I don#039;t remember but as long as you make a personal connection with the hiring managers and be friendly then you should be fine.

Answer Question. I tried to negotiate myself to 60k but they started me at $55. My previous employer gave me 50k. Cadwalader Wickersham Response. The process took 6+ months. I interviewed at Cadwalader Wickersham (New York, NY (US)) in board sat essay rubric August-2011. I was recommended by a temp agency and referred by my agent. After working as a temp for 6 months I was asked to become a full time employee of the firm. Why do you want to be an administrative assistant?

Answer Question. I did not have much say in the negotiation since it is decided between them and my agency. Cadwalader Wickersham Response. I applied online. The process took 4+ weeks. I interviewed at Cadwalader Wickersham (New York, NY (US)) in June-2011. For my first interview, I met with the Introduction essay paralegal manager and then with the senior paralegal in charge of the department--both were extremely nice and board sat essay, described a lot about what the position entailed. About a week later I was invited back for a second round interview to essay, meet with attorneys. Describe a challenging experience you#039;ve had. Answer Question.

Salary and benefits were non-negotiable. Cadwalader Wickersham Response. I applied through an employee referral. The process took 1+ week. I interviewed at Cadwalader Wickersham. It was a fairly easy and straightforward interview. They just asked me to college, talk about myself and expand on my resume. They also asked me about additional activities and things I was involved in that weren#039;t in a competitive report my interview.

I was basically asked the same questions by sat essay rubric, 3 different people. Everyone was very approachable and friendly. Then they explained what my role would be and paper, if I had any questions about the job. College Board Sat Essay! Reasons for Declining. Already accepted another offer. Introduction To Statistical Signal Processing Essay! Cadwalader Wickersham Response. I applied through a recruiter. The process took 4+ weeks. I interviewed at Cadwalader Wickersham (London, England (UK)) in March-2015.

Arranged quickly, efficient HR process. College Board Sat Essay! The partners conducting the interview were clearly distracted/busy with work and how to a competitive, looked at their phones throughout, but were friendly. I guess that#039;s a realistic insight into what working there is like though. Typical stuff about my previous experience, a few scenario based questions, then half the interview they talked about themselves and their work. Answer Question. Cadwalader Wickersham Response. See What Cadwalader Wickersham Employees Are Saying.

Pros: “Top of the market pay; great training; smart people”“Top of the market pay; great training; smart people” Full Review. Job Seekers Also Viewed Previous Next. Board Sat Essay! Top Interview Questions Previous Next. Would you like us to review something? Please describe the problem with this and we will look into it. Your feedback has been sent to the team and we'll look into it. Your response will be removed from the review this cannot be undone.

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Sample Essay Responses and Rater Commentary for college the Issue Task. The sample essays that follow were written in response to the prompt that appears below . The rater commentary that follows each sample essay explains how the response meets the criteria for that score. For a more complete understanding of the criteria for each score point, see the Analyze an amplifier, Issue Scoring Guide. As people rely more and more on technology to solve problems, the ability of humans to think for themselves will surely deteriorate. Discuss the college extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement and explain your reasoning for the position you take. To Statistical Signal Processing Essay? In developing and supporting your position, you should consider ways in which the statement might or might not hold true and explain how these considerations shape your position. Note: All responses are reproduced exactly as written, including errors, misspellings, etc., if any.

The statement linking technology negatively with free thinking plays on recent human experience over sat essay the past century. Surely there has been no time in history where the lived lives of people have changed more dramatically. A quick reflection on a typical day reveals how technology has revolutionized the world. Most people commute to work in an automobile that runs on an internal combustion engine. During the workday, chances are high that the employee will interact with a computer that processes information on silicon bridges that are .09 microns wide. Upon leaving home, family members will be reached through wireless networks that utilize satellites orbiting the my mother earth. Each of these common occurrences could have been inconceivable at the turn of the 19th century.

The statement attempts to bridge these dramatic changes to a reduction in college, the ability for write a competitive analysis humans to think for themselves. College Sat Essay? The assumption is that an increased reliance on write essay, technology negates the board need for people to think creatively to solve previous quandaries. Looking back at the introduction, one could argue that without a car, computer, or mobile phone, the hypothetical worker would need to find alternate methods of transport, information processing and communication. Technology short circuits this thinking by making the problems obsolete. However, this reliance on technology does not necessarily preclude the creativity that marks the human species.

The prior examples reveal that technology allows for convenience. The car, computer and phone all release additional time for people to live more efficiently. This efficiency does not preclude the need for humans to think for themselves. In fact, technology frees humanity to not only to Statistical Signal Processing, tackle new problems, but may itself create new issues that did not exist without technology. For example, the proliferation of automobiles has introduced a need for fuel conservation on a global scale. With increasing energy demands from emerging markets, global warming becomes a concern inconceivable to the horse-and-buggy generation. Likewise dependence on oil has created nation-states that are not dependent on taxation, allowing ruling parties to oppress minority groups such as women. Solutions to these complex problems require the unfettered imaginations of maverick scientists and college rubric politicians.

In contrast to the statement, we can even see how technology frees the human imagination. Consider how the Introduction to Statistical digital revolution and the advent of the college board internet has allowed for an unprecedented exchange of ideas. WebMD, a popular internet portal for medical information, permits patients to self research symptoms for a more informed doctor visit. This exercise opens pathways of thinking that were previously closed off to the medical layman. With increased interdisciplinary interactions, inspiration can arrive from the most surprising corners. Jeffrey Sachs, one of the architects of the UN Millenium Development Goals, based his ideas on essay, emergency care triage techniques. The unlikely marriage of economics and medicine has healed tense, hyperinflation environments from South America to Eastern Europe. This last example provides the most hope in board sat essay rubric, how technology actually provides hope to write essay, the future of humanity.

By increasing our reliance on college board rubric, technology, impossible goals can now be achieved. Consider how the letter in resume for engineering late 20th century witnessed the complete elimination of smallpox. This disease had ravaged the human race since prehistorical days, and yet with the technology of vaccines, free thinking humans dared to imagine a world free of smallpox. College Board Sat Essay? Using technology, battle plans were drawn out, and smallpox was systematically targeted and eradicated. Technology will always mark the human experience, from the discovery of fire to the implementation of nanotechnology. Given the history of the human race, there will be no limit to the number of terrorism problems, both new and old, for us to tackle. Board Rubric? There is no need to retreat to a Luddite attitude to new things, but rather embrace a hopeful posture to to Statistical, the possibilities that technology provides for new avenues of human imagination.

Rater Commentary for college board rubric Essay Response Score 6. The author of this essay stakes out a clear and insightful position on the issue and follows the terrorism essay specific instructions by presenting reasons to support that position. The essay cogently argues that technology does not decrease our ability to think for ourselves, but merely provides additional time for people to college board sat essay rubric, live more efficiently. In fact, the write essay problems that have developed alongside the growth of technology (pollution, political unrest in oil-producing nations) actually call for more creative thinking, not less. In further examples, the essay shows how technology allows for the linking of board sat essay ideas that may never have been connected in the past (like medicine and economic models), pushing people to think in to Statistical Signal, new ways. College Board? Examples are persuasive and fully developed; reasoning is logically sound and well supported. Ideas in write a compartive essay, the essay are connected logically, with effective transitions used both between paragraphs (However or In contrast to the statement) and within paragraphs. Sentence structure is varied and complex and the essay clearly demonstrates facility with the college sat essay rubric conventions of standard written English (i.e., grammar, usage and mechanics), with only minor errors appearing. Thus, this essay meets all the requirements for receiving a top score, a 6. Surely many of us have expressed the following sentiment, or some variation on it, during our daily commutes to about terrorism essay, work: People are getting so stupid these days! Surrounded as we are by striding and strident automatons with cell phones glued to their ears, PDA's gripped in their palms, and omniscient, omnipresent CNN gleaming in their eyeballs, it's tempting to believe that technology has isolated and infantilized us, essentally transforming us into dependent, conformist morons best equipped to sideswip one another in board, our SUV's.

Furthermore, hanging around with the younger, pre-commute generation, whom tech-savviness seems to for engineering, have rendered lethal, is even less reassuring. With Teen People style trends shooting through the air from tiger-striped PDA to college, zebra-striped PDA, and with the latest starlet gossip zipping from juicy Blackberry to teeny, turbo-charged cell phone, technology seems to support young people's worst tendencies to follow the crowd. Indeed, they have seemingly evolved into intergalactic conformity police. After all, today's tech-aided teens are, courtesy of authentic, hands-on video games, literally trained to kill; courtesy of chat and instant text messaging, they have their own language; they even have tiny cameras to efficiently photodocument your fashion blunders! Is this adolescence, or paparazzi terrorist training camp?

With all this evidence, it's easy to believe that tech trends and the incorporation of write a descriptive essay about my mother technological wizardry into our everyday lives have served mostly to enforce conformity, promote dependence, heighten comsumerism and materialism, and generally create a culture that values self-absorption and personal entitlement over cooperation and collaboration. However, I argue that we are merely in the inchoate stages of learning to live with technology while still loving one another. Board Sat Essay Rubric? After all, even given the examples provided earlier in this essay, it seems clear that technology hasn't impaired our thinking and about terrorism essay problem-solving capacities. Certainly it has incapacitated our behavior and manners; certainly our values have taken a severe blow. However, we are inarguably more efficient in our badness these days. We're effective worker bees of ineffectiveness! If Ttechnology has so increased our senses of college board self-efficacy that we can become veritable agents of the awful, virtual CEO's of selfishness, certainly it can be beneficial. Harnessed correctly, technology can improve our ability to think and act for ourselves. The first challenge is to write analysis, figure out how to provide technology users with some direly-needed direction.

Rater Commentary for rubric Essay Response Score 5. The language of this essay clearly illustrates both its strengths and weaknesses. The flowery and sometimes uncannily keen descriptions are often used to powerful effect, but at other times, the writing is cover awkward and the comparisons somewhat strained. See, for board rubric example, the ungainly sequence of independent clauses in the second-to-last sentence of paragraph 2 (After all, today's tech-aided teens . How To? ). There is consistent evidence of college board facility with syntax and complex vocabulary (Surrounded as we are by striding and strident automatons with cell phones glued to their ears, PDA's gripped in their palms, and omniscient, omnipresent CNN gleaming in their eyeballs, it's tempting to believe. ). However, such lucid prose is sometimes countered by an over-reliance on abstractions and reasoning that is not entirely effective. About Essay? For example, what does the college rubric fact that video games literally train [teens] to write a descriptive essay my mother, kill have to do with the college sat essay use or deterioration of thinking abilities? On the whole, however, the response develops its ideas about the ways that technology can promote isolation and conformity with well-chosen examples, even if its ideas about the positive effects of Introduction to Statistical Signal Processing essay technology are less successfully realized. Because this essay provides generally thoughtful analysis and takes a complex approach to the issue (arguing, in effect, that technology neither enhances nor reduces our ability to college board rubric, think for ourselves, but can do one or the other, depending on the user) and because the author makes use of appropriate vocabulary and sentence variety, a score of 5 is appropriate. In all actuality, I think it is more probable that our bodies will surely deteriorate long before our minds do in any significant amount. Who can't say that technology has made us lazier, but that's the Introduction essay key word, lazy, not stupid.

The ever increasing amount of technology that we incorporate into our daily lives makes people think and learn every day, possibly more than ever before. Our abilities to board sat essay, think, learn, philosophize, etc. may even reach limits never dreamed of before by essay about, average people. College Sat Essay Rubric? Using technology to solve problems will continue to help us realize our potential as a human race. If you think about about terrorism essay, it, using technology to solve more complicating problems gives humans a chance to expand their thinking and learning, opening up whole new worlds for many people. Many of these people are glad for the chance to expand their horizons by college board sat essay rubric, learning more, going to new places, and trying new things. If it wasn't for the invention of new technological devices, I wouldn't be sitting at this computer trying to philosophize about technology.

It would be extremely hard for children in Introduction to Statistical Signal, much poorer countries to learn and think for themselves with out the invention of the internet. Think what an impact the printing press, a technologically superior mackine at the time, had on the ability of the human race to learn and college board rubric think. Right now we are seeing a golden age of technology, using it all the time during our every day lives. When we get up there's instant coffee and the microwave and all these great things that help us get ready for our day. But we aren't allowing our minds to deteriorate by using them, we are only making things easier for ourselves and saving time for other important things in optical paper, our days.

Going off to college board sat essay, school or work in our cars instead of a horse and buggy. Think of the brain power and genius that was used to come up with that single invention that has changed the optical research paper way we move across this globe. Using technology to solve our continually more complicated problems as a human race is definately a good thing. Our ability to think for ourselves isn't deteriorating, it's continuing to grow, moving on to higher though functions and more ingenious ideas. The ability to use what technology we have is an example. Rater Commentary for college sat essay rubric Essay Response Score 4. This essay meets all the criteria of a level-4 essay.

The writer develops a clear position (Using technology to solve problems will continue to help us realize our potential as a human race). The position is then developed with relevant reasons (using technology to solve more complicat[ed] problems gives humans a chance to expand their thinking and learning and we are seeing a golden age of technology). Point 1, using technology, is supported with the simple but relevant notion that technology allows us access to information and abilities to which we would not normally have access. Similarly, point 2, the golden age, is supported by optical research paper, the basic description of our technologically saturated social condition. Though the rubric overall development and organization of the essay does suffer from an occasional misdirection (see paragraph 3's abrupt progression from coffee pots to research paper, the benefits of technology to cars), the college board essay as a whole flows smoothly and logically from one idea to the next. It is useful to compare this essay to the level-3 essay presented next. Though both essays entail some surface-level discussion and often fail to probe deeply into the issue, this writer does take the analysis a step further. In paragraph 2, the distinction between this essay and the next one (the level-3 response) can most clearly be seen. To support the notion that advances in technology actually help increase thinking ability, the writer draws a clever parallel between the promise of modern, sophisticated technology (computer) and the actual impact of equally promising and pervasive technologies of the letter for engineering past (printing press). Like the analysis, the language in this essay clearly meets the college board requirements for a score of 4. About? The writer displays sufficient control of language and college board sat essay rubric the conventions of standard written English.

The preponderance of mistakes are of a cosmetic nature (trying to solve more complicating problems.). In general, these errors are minor and Signal do not interfere with the clarity of the ideas being presented. There is no current proof that advancing technology will deteriorate the ability of board humans to think. On the contrary, advancements in technology had advanced our vast knowledge in many fields, opening opportunities for further understanding and achievement. For example, the problem of dibilitating illnesses and diseases such as alzheimer's disease is slowing being solved by the technological advancements in stem cell research. The future ability of growing new brain cells and the possibility to reverse the onset of alzheimer's is now becoming a reality. Introduction? This shows our initiative as humans to better our health demonstrates greater ability of humans to think. One aspect where the college ability of humans may initially be seen as an example of deteriorating minds is the use of internet and cell phones. In the past humans had to seek out information in many different enviroments and aspects of write about life. Now humans can sit in a chair and board rubric type anything into write essay, a computer and get an answer.

Our reliance on this type of technology can be detrimental if not regulated and regularily substituted for other information sources such as human interactions and hands on learning. I think if humans understand that we should not have such a reliance on computer technology, that we as a species will advance further by utilizing the opportunity of computer technology as well as the other sources of information outside of a computer. Supplementing our knowledge with internet access is surely a way for technology to solve problems while continually advancing the human race. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 3. This essay never moves beyond a superficial discussion of the issue. The writer attempts to develop two points: that advancements in sat essay, technology have progressed our knowledge in many fields and that supplementing rather than relying on technology is surely a way for technology to solve problems while continually advancing the essay human race. Each point, then, is developed with relevant but insufficient evidence. In discussing the potential of technology to advance knowledge in rubric, many fields (a broad subject, rife with possible examples), the writer uses only one limited and very brief example from a specific field (medicine and to Statistical Signal essay stem-cell research). Development of the second point is college sat essay rubric hindered by a lack of specificity and organization. Optical Amplifier Research Paper? The writer creates what might be best described as an outline. The writer cites a need for sat essay rubric regulation/supplementation and warns of the detriment of over-reliance upon to Statistical Signal essay technology.

However, the explanation of both the problem and board solution is vague and limited (Our reliance . can be detrimental. If humans understand that we should not have such a reliance . we will advance further). There is essay neither explanation of sat essay consequences nor clarification of what is meant by supplementing. This second paragraph is a series of essay generalizations that are loosely connected and lack a much-needed grounding. In the essay, there are some minor language errors and a few more serious flaws (e.g., The future ability of board sat essay growing new brain cells or One aspect where the ability of optical research humans may initially be seen as an example of deteriorating minds). Despite the accumulation of such flaws, the writer's meaning is generally clear. Thus, this essay earns a score of 3. In recent centuries, humans have developed the technology very rapidly, and you may accept some merit of it, and college board sat essay rubric you may see a distortion in society occured by it.

To be lazy for human in some meaning is one of the fashion issues in thesedays. There are many symptoms and resons of it. However, I can not agree with the statement that the technology make humans to be reluctant to thinkng thoroughly. Of course, you can see the phenomena of human laziness along with developed technology in some place. Terrorism Essay? However, they would happen in college rubric, specific condition, not general. Essay? What makes human to be laze of college rubric thinking is write not merely technology, but the the tendency of human that they treat them as a magic stick and a black box. Not understanding the aims and theory of them couses the disapproval problems.

The most important thing to use the rubric thechnology, regardless the new or old, is to comprehend the fundamental idea of them, and to adapt suit tech to terrorism, tasks in need. Even if you recognize a method as a all-mighty and board sat essay rubric it is extremely over-spec to about essay, your needs, you can not see the result you want. In this procedure, humans have to college board sat essay, consider as long as possible to acquire adequate functions. Therefore, humans can not escape from using their brain. In addition, the technology as it is do not vain automatically, the essay is created by humans. Thus, the more developed tech and the more you want a convenient life, the more you think and emmit your creativity to breakthrough some banal method sarcastically.

Consequently, if you are not passive to the new tech, but offensive to it, you would not lose your ability to think deeply. Furthermore, you may improve the sat essay ability by adopting it. Rater Commentary for cover letter in resume for engineering Essay Response Score 2. The language of this essay is what most clearly links it to the score of 2. Amidst sporadic moments of clarity, this essay is marred by serious errors in grammar, usage and mechanics that often interfere with meaning. It is unclear what the writer means when he/she states, To be lazy for human in some meaning is one of the rubric fashion issues in thesedays, or to adapt suit tech to tasks in need. Despite such severe flaws, the letter for engineering writer has made an obvious attempt to respond to the prompt (I can not agree with the statement that the board sat essay technology make humans to about, be reluctant to thinking thoroughly) as well as an sat essay rubric, unclear attempt to support such an assertion (Not understanding the aims and analysis theory of them [technology] couses the disapproval problems and The most important thing to use the sat essay rubric thechnology . is to comprehend the fundamental idea of them). On the whole, the essay displays a seriously flawed but not fundamentally deficient attempt to develop and support its claims. ( Note: In this specific case, the how to a competitive analysis analysis is tied directly to the language.

As the language falters, so too does the analysis.) Humans have invented machines but they have forgot it and have started everything technically so clearly their thinking process is deterioating. Rater Commentary for rubric Essay Response Score 1. The essay is clearly on topic, as evidenced by the writer's usage of the more significant terms from the prompt: technically (technologically), humans, thinking (think) and deteriorating (deteriorate). Such usage is the only clear evidence of understanding. Meaning aside, the brevity of the essay (one sentence) clearly indicates the for engineering writer's inability to develop a response that follows the specific instructions given (Discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the statement above and explain your reasoning for the position you take). The language, too, is clearly level 1, as the college sentence fails to achieve coherence. The coherent phrases in this one-sentence response are those tied to the prompt: Humans have invented machines and their thinking process is deteriorating. Otherwise, the point being made is unintelligible. Register for the GRE General Test.

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The origin of life: what we know, what we can know and what we will never know. The origin of life (OOL) problem remains one of the more challenging scientific questions of all time. In this essay, we propose that following recent experimental and theoretical advances in systems chemistry, the underlying principle governing the emergence of life on the Earth can in college rubric, its broadest sense be specified, and may be stated as follows: all stable (persistent) replicating systems will tend to evolve over time towards systems of greater stability. The stability kind referred to, however, is dynamic kinetic stability, and quite distinct from the traditional thermodynamic stability which conventionally dominates physical and chemical thinking. About. Significantly, that stability kind is generally found to be enhanced by sat essay increasing complexification, since added features in the replicating system that improve replication efficiency will be reproduced, thereby offering an explanation for the emergence of life's extraordinary complexity.

On the basis of that simple principle, a fundamental reassessment of the underlying chemistry–biology relationship is possible, one with broad ramifications. In the context of the OOL question, this novel perspective can assist in clarifying central ahistoric aspects of write, abiogenesis, as opposed to the many historic aspects that have probably been forever lost in the mists of time. The origin of life (OOL) problem continues to be one of the most intriguing and challenging questions in college rubric, science (for recent reviews on the OOL, see [1–6]). Its resolution would not only about terrorism essay, satisfy man's curiosity regarding this central existential issue, but would also shed light on a directly related topic—the precise nature of the physico-chemical relationship linking animate and inanimate matter. As one of us (A.P.) has noted previously [1,7,8], until the principles governing the process by which life on the Earth emerged can be uncovered, an college understanding of a descriptive, life's essence, the basis for its striking characteristics, and outlining a feasible strategy for the synthesis of college board rubric, what could be classified as a simple life form will probably remain out of reach.

In this essay, we will argue that recent developments in systems chemistry [9–11] have dramatically changed our ability to deal with the OOL problem by enabling the chemistry–biology connection to be clarified, at to Statistical Signal Processing essay, least in broad outline. College. The realization that abiogenesis—the chemical process by which simplest life emerged from inanimate beginnings—and biological evolution may actually be one single continuous physico-chemical process with an identifiable driving force opens up new avenues towards resolution of the OOL problem [1,7,12,13]. In fact that unification actually enables the basic elements of abiogenesis to a compartive essay, be outlined, in much the board same way that Darwin's biological theory outlined the basic mechanism for biological evolution. The goal of this commentary therefore is to cover, discuss what aspects of the OOL problem can now be considered as resolved, what aspects require further study and what aspects may, in all probability, never be known. 3. Is the board rubric origin of life problem soluble in principle? In addressing the write a compartive essay OOL question, it first needs to rubric, be emphasized that the question has two distinct facets—historic and Introduction to Statistical Processing essay ahistoric, and the ability to college rubric, uncover each of these two facets is quite different. Uncovering the historic facet is the more problematic one. Uncovering that facet would require specifying the original chemical system from which the process of abiogenesis began, together with the chemical pathway from that initiating system right through the extensive array of about terrorism essay, intermediate structures leading to board rubric, simplest life. Regretfully, however, much of that historic information will probably never be known.

Evolutionary processes are contingent, suggesting that any number of feasible pathways could have led from inanimate matter to earliest life, provided, of course, that those pathways were consistent with the underlying laws of physics and chemistry. The difficulty arises because historic events, once they have taken place, can only how to write a competitive report, be revealed if their occurrence was recorded in board rubric, some manner. Indeed, it is this historic facet of how to a competitive analysis report, abiogenesis that makes the OOL problem so much more intractable than the parallel question of biological evolution. Biological evolution also has its historic and college ahistoric facets. But whereas for biological evolution the historic record is to a degree accessible through palaeobiologic and phylogenetic studies, for the process of abiogenesis those methodologies have proved uninformative; there is no known geological record pertaining to write report, prebiotic systems, and phylogenetic studies become less informative the further back one goes in college sat essay, attempting to cover letter for engineering, trace out ancestral lineages. Phylogenetic studies presume the college board rubric existence of organismal individuality and the genealogical (vertical) transfer of genetic information. Analysis Report. However, the possibility that earliest life may have been communal [14] and dominated by horizontal gene transfer [15–17] suggests that information regarding the college sat essay rubric evolutionary stages that preceded the last universal common ancestor [18] would have to be considered highly speculative.

Accordingly, the significance of such studies to the characterization of early life, let alone prebiotic systems, becomes highly uncertain. The conclusion seems clear: speculation regarding the precise historic path from animate to inanimate—the identity of specific materials that were available at particular physical locations on the prebiotic Earth, together with the chemical structures of possible intermediate stages along the long road to how to write, life—may lead to propositions that are, though thought-provoking and college board sat essay rubric of undeniable interest, effectively unfalsifiable, and therefore of limited scientific value. Given that awkward reality, the focus of essay, OOL research needs to remain on the ahistoric aspects—the principles that would explain the remarkable transformation of inanimate matter to simple life. Board Rubric. There is good reason to write a competitive, think that the emergence of life on college board sat essay rubric the Earth did not just involve a long string of random chemical events that fortuitously led to a simple living system. Write. If life had emerged in such an arbitrary way, then the mechanistic question of abiogenesis would be fundamentally without explanation—a stupendously improbable chemical outcome whose likelihood of repetition would be virtually zero. However, the board general view, now strongly supported by write a descriptive essay about my mother recent studies in college, systems chemistry, is that the process of write a competitive, abiogenesis was governed by underlying physico-chemical principles, and the central goal of college board sat essay rubric, OOL studies should therefore be to delineate those principles.

Significantly, even if the underlying principles governing the transformation of cover in resume, inanimate to animate were to be revealed, that would still not mean that the precise historic path could be specified. As noted above, there are serious limitations to uncovering that historic path. The point however is that if the principles underlying life's emergence on the Earth could be more clearly delineated, then the mystery of abiogenesis would be dramatically transformed. No longer would the problem of board rubric, abiogenesis be one of essence , but rather one of detail . The major mystery at the heart of the OOL debate would be broadly resolved and the central issue would effectively be replaced by a variety of chemical questions that deal with the particular mechanisms by which those underlying principles could have been expressed. Optical. Issues such as identifying historic transitions, the definition of life, would become to some extent arbitrary and ruled by scientific conventions, rather than by matters of principle. 4. The role of autocatalysis during abiogenesis. In the context of the OOL debate, there is one single and central historic fact on which there is broad agreement—that life's emergence was initiated by some autocatalytic chemical system. The two competing narratives within the OOL's long-standing debate—‘replication first’ or ‘metabolism first’—though differing in key elements, both build on that autocatalytic character (see [1] and references therein).

The ‘replication first’ school of thought stresses the role of oligomeric compounds, which express that autocatalytic capability through their ability to self-replicate, an college board rubric idea that can be traced back almost a century to the work of Troland [19], while the ‘metabolism first’ school of thought emphasizes the emergence of letter in resume, cyclic networks, as articulated by Kauffman [20] in the 1980s and reminiscent of the metabolic cycles found in sat essay, all extant life. With respect to this issue, we have recently pointed out that these two approaches are not necessarily mutually exclusive. It could well be that both oligomeric entities and cyclic networks were crucial elements during life's emergence, thereby offering a novel perspective on this long-standing question [1,7]. However, once it is accepted that autocatalysis is a central element in how to analysis, the process of abiogenesis, it follows that the study of autocatalytic systems in general may help uncover the principles that govern their chemical behaviour, regardless of their chemical detail. Indeed, as we will now describe, the generally accepted supposition that life's origins emerged from college sat essay rubric some prebiotic autocatalytic process can be shown to lead to broad insights into the chemistry–biology connection and to the surprising revelation that the processes of abiogenesis and biological evolution are directly related to a descriptive essay about, one another. Once established, that connection will enable the underlying principles that governed the college board sat essay emergence of life on the Earth to be uncovered without undue reliance on speculative historic suppositions regarding the write a descriptive essay about precise nature of those prebiotic systems. 5. College Board. A previously unrecognized stability kind: dynamic kinetic stability. The realization that the write autocatalytic character of the replication reaction can lead to board, exponential growth and is unsustainable has been long appreciated, going back at least to Thomas Malthus's classic treatise ‘An essay on terrorism essay the principle of population’, published in 1798 [21]. But the chemical consequences of that long-recognized powerful kinetic character, although described by Lotka already a century ago [22], do not seem to college sat essay, have been adequately appreciated. For Engineering. Recently, one of us (A.P.) has described a new stability kind in nature, seemingly overlooked in modern scientific thought, which we have termed dynamic kinetic stability ( DKS ) [1,7,23,24] . College Board Rubric. That stability kind, applicable solely to persistent replicating systems, whether chemical or biological, derives directly from the powerful kinetic character and about essay the inherent unsustainability of the replication process. College Sat Essay. However, for the replication reaction to Introduction to Statistical Signal, be kinetically unsustainable, the reverse reaction, in which the college replicating system reverts back to its component building blocks, must be very slow when compared with the forward reaction; the replication reaction must be effectively irreversible.

That condition, in turn, means the system must be maintained in a far-from-equilibrium state [25], and that continuing requirement is write a competitive analysis report, satisfied through the replicating system being open and continually fed activated component building blocks. College Sat Essay Rubric. Note that the cover letter in resume for engineering above description is consistent with Prigogine's non-equilibrium thermodynamic approach, which stipulates that self-organized behaviour is associated with irreversible processes within the nonlinear regime [26]. From the above, it follows that the DKS term would not be applicable to an equilibrium mixture of some oligomeric replicating entity together with its interconverting component building blocks. Given the above discussion, it is apparent that the DKS concept is quite distinct from the college conventional stability kind in nature, thermodynamic stability. About Terrorism Essay. A key feature of DKS is that it characterizes populations of replicators , rather than the individual replicators which make up those populations. Sat Essay. Individual replicating entities are inherently unstable , as reflected in their continual turnover, whereas a population of replicators can be remarkably stable, as expressed by the persistence of amplifier paper, some replicating populations.

Certain life forms (e.g. cyanobacteria) express this stability kind in dramatic fashion, having been able to maintain a conserved function and a readily recognized morphology over billions of years. Indeed, within the world of replicators, there is theoretical and empirical evidence for a selection rule that in some respects parallels the second law of college board, thermodynamics in that less stable replicating systems tend to become transformed into more stable ones [1,8]. This stability kind, which is applicable to all persistent replicating systems, whether chemical or biological, is then able to place biological systems within a more general physico-chemical framework, thereby enabling a physico-chemical merging of replicating chemical systems with biological ones. Studies in systems chemistry in recent years have provided empirical support for such a view by optical paper demonstrating that chemical and board biological replicators show remarkably similar reactivity patterns, thereby reaffirming the existence of a common underlying framework linking chemistry to to Statistical Signal Processing, biology [1,7]. 6. Extending Darwinian theory to inanimate chemical systems. The recognition that a distinctly different stability kind, DKS, is applicable to both chemical and biological replicators, together with the fact that both replicator kinds express similar reaction characteristics, leads to the profound conclusion that the so-called chemical phase leading to simplest life and the biological phase appear to be one continuous physico-chemical process, as illustrated in scheme 1.

Unification of abiogenesis and board biological evolution into terrorism essay a single continuous process governed by the drive toward greater DKS. That revelation is valuable as it offers insights into abiogenesis from studies in biological evolution and, vice versa, it can provide new insights into the process of biological evolution from systems chemistry studies of simple replicating systems. A single continuous process necessarily means one set of governing principles, which in turn means that the two seemingly distinct processes of college, abiogenesis and evolution can be combined and addressed in concert. Significantly, that merging of chemistry and biology suggests that a general theory of evolution, expressed in physico-chemical terms rather than biological ones and applicable to both chemical and biological systems, may be formulated. Its essence may be expressed as follows: All stable ( persistent ) replicating systems will tend to evolve over time towards systems of greater DKS. As we have described in some detail in previous publications, there are both empirical and essay theoretical grounds for college believing that oligomeric replicating systems which are less stable (less persistent) will tend to be transformed into more stable (more persistent) forms [1,7,8,24]. In fact that selection rule is just a particular application of the more general law of nature, almost axiomatic in character, that systems of all kinds tend from less stable to more stable. That law is inherent in the very definition of the term ‘stability’. So within the global selection rule in nature, normally articulated by Introduction to Statistical Processing essay the second law of college rubric, thermodynamics, we can articulate a formulation specific to replicative systems, both chemical and analysis biological— from DKS less stable to DKS more stable . A moment's thought then suggests that the Darwinian concept of ‘fitness maximization’ (i.e. less fit to more fit) is college sat essay rubric, just a more specific expression of that general replicative rule as applied specifically to biological replicators. Whereas, in Darwinian terms, we say that living systems evolve to maximize fitness, the general theory is expressed in write analysis, physico-chemical terms and college rubric stipulates that stable replicating systems, whether chemical or biological, tend to evolve so as to cover in resume, increase their stability, their DKS.

Of course such a formulation implies that DKS is quantifiable. As we have previously discussed, quantification is possible, but only for related replicators competing for common resources, for example, a set of structurally related replicating molecules, or a set of genetically related bacterial life forms [1,7]. More generally, when assessing the DKS of replicating systems in a wider sense, one frequently must make do with qualitative or, at best, semi-quantitative measures. Note that the board general theory should not be considered as just one of changing terminology—‘DKS’ replacing ‘fitness’, ‘kinetic selection’ replacing ‘natural selection’. The physico-chemical description offers new insights as it allows the characterization of both the write essay driving force and the mechanisms of sat essay, evolution in more fundamental terms. The driving force is the drive of replicating systems towards greater stability, but the stability kind that is applicable in the replicative world. A Competitive Report. In fact that driving force can be thought of as a kind of second law analogue, though, as noted, the open character of replicating systems makes its quantification more difficult.

And the mechanisms by which that drive is expressed can now be specified. These are complexification and selection , the board former being largely overlooked in the traditional Darwinian view, while the latter is, of course, central to cover letter in resume for engineering, that view. A striking insight from college sat essay this approach to abiogenesis follows directly: just as Darwinian theory broadly explained biological evolution, so an how to write report extended theory of evolution encompassing both chemical and board biological replicators can be considered as broadly explaining abiogenesis. Thus, life on the Earth appears to have emerged through the spontaneous emergence of a simple (unidentified) replicating system, initially fragile, which complexified and evolved towards complex replicating systems exhibiting greater DKS. In fact, we would claim that in the very broadest of terms, the physico-chemical basis of abiogenesis can be considered explained. But does that simplistic explanation for abiogenesis imply that the how to write analysis OOL problem can be considered resolved? Far from it. College. Let us now consider why. While Darwin's revolutionary theory changed our understanding of how biological systems relate to one another through the simple concept of natural selection, the Darwinian view has undergone considerable refinement and elaboration since its proposal over paper, 150 years ago. First the college sat essay rubric genomic revolution, which provided Darwin's ideas with a molecular basis through the first decades of the twentieth century, transformed the subject and led to the neo-Darwinian synthesis, an amalgamation of classic Darwinism with population genetics and then with molecular genetics.

But in more recent years, there is a growing realization that a molecular approach to understanding evolutionary dynamics is insufficient, that evolutionary biology's more fundamental challenge is to address the write a descriptive unresolved problem of sat essay rubric, complexity. How did biological complexity come about, and how can that complexity and its dynamic nature be understood? Our point is that Darwin's monumental thesis, with natural selection at write about, its core, was just the beginning of a long process of refinement and college board rubric elaboration, which has continued unabated to the present day. Precisely the same process will need to operate with respect to the OOL problem. The DKS concept, simple in essence, does outline in the broadest terms the physico-chemical basis for abiogenesis.

But that broad outline needs to be elaborated on through experimental investigation, so that the detailed mechanisms by which the DKS of simple chemical replicating systems could increase would be clarified. How To Write A Competitive. Already at this early stage, central elements of those mechanisms are becoming evident. Thus, there are preliminary indications that the process of abiogenesis was one of DKS enhancement through complexification [1,7]. More complex replicating systems, presenting a diversity of sat essay rubric, features and functions, appear to be able to amplifier paper, replicate more effectively than simpler ones, and college sat essay rubric so are likely to be more stable in DKS terms (though this should not be interpreted to mean that any form of complexification will necessarily lead to enhanced DKS). The pertinent question is then: how does that process of complexification manifest itself? And this is where systems chemistry enters the scene [9–11]. To Statistical Essay. By studying the rubric dynamics of simple replicating molecular systems and the networks they establish, studies in Processing essay, system chemistry are beginning to college, offer insights into that process of replicative complexification.

Following on in resume from earlier work by Sievers von Kiedrowski [27] and college board rubric Lee et al . [28], more recent studies on RNA replicating systems by Lincoln Joyce [29] and most recently by Vaidya et al . [30] suggest that network formation is crucial. Thus, Lincoln Joyce [28] observed that a molecular network based on two cross-catalysing RNAs replicated rapidly and could be sustained indefinitely. By contrast, the most effective single molecule RNA replicator replicated slowly and was not sustainable. But in paper, a more recent landmark experiment, Vaidya et al . [30] demonstrated that a cooperative cycle made up of three self-replicating RNAs could out-compete those same RNAs acting as individual replicators. The conclusion seems clear: molecular networks are more effective in establishing self-sustainable autocatalytic systems than single molecule replicators, just as was postulated by college board sat essay Eigen Schuster [25] some 40 years ago. Many key questions remain unanswered, however. What chemical groups would facilitate the emergence of complex holistically replicative networks? Are nucleic acids essential for the establishment of such networks, or could other chemical groups also express this capability? Is template binding the main mechanism by which molecular autocatalysis can take place, or can holistically autocatalytic sets be established through cycle closure without a reliance on template binding? How would the emergence of essay about, individual self-replicating entities within a larger holistically replicative network contribute to the stability of the board rubric network as a whole?

How do kinetic and thermodynamic factors inter-relate in facilitating the essay maintenance of dynamically stable, but thermodynamically unstable, replicating systems [12,13]? As these questions suggest, our understanding of central issues remains rudimentary, and the road to discovery will probably be long and arduous. College Board Sat Essay Rubric. However, the key point of this essay has been to note that just as Darwin's simple concept of natural selection was able to provide a basis for an ongoing research programme in evolution, one that has been central to biological research for over 150 years, so the cover in resume DKS concept may be able to offer a basis for ongoing studies in board, systems chemistry, one that may offer new insights into the rules governing evolutionary dynamics in simple replicating systems and, subsequently, for replicating systems of optical paper, all kinds. Such a research programme, we believe, promises to further clarify the underlying relationship linking chemical and biological replicators. In conclusion, it seems probably that we will never know the precise historic path by which life on the Earth emerged, but, very much in the Darwinian tradition, it seems we can now specify the essence of the ahistoric principles by college sat essay rubric which that process came about.

Just as Darwin, in a descriptive essay about, the very simplest of terms, pointed out sat essay rubric how natural selection enabled simple life to evolve into complex life, so the recently proposed general theory of evolution [1,7] points out in simplest terms how simple, but fragile, replicating systems could have complexified into the intricate chemical systems of life. But, as discussed earlier, a detailed understanding of that process will have to wait until ongoing studies in cover letter in resume, systems chemistry reveal both the classes of chemical materials and the kinds of chemical pathways that simple replicating systems are able to follow in board sat essay rubric, their drive towards greater complexity and replicative stability.

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Analysis of Right to Work Laws Essay. Among this country’s greatest strengths has been its economic structure and board, diversity. As citizens and business professionals, we owe a lot of this to the Constitutional system of government. With a balance of power between the about essay, states and the Federal government, this country is ripe for economic development. College! Wall Street is one of our country’s icons, and affluent business tycoons such as Donald Trump, J. Willard Marriott, Sam Walton, and Warren Buffett receive celebrity status. This economic strength has carried us through war and peace. Write A Competitive Analysis Report! In fact, images of Rosie the Riveter represent how we secured the home front during World War (National Park Service).

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Even the Federal Bureau of Investigation has to be concerned with Fourth Amendments rights in carrying out investigation into crimes against the government. All agencies need reasonable suspicion in a descriptive about, order SB 1070; Is It The Right Law or Not? Essay. removing near the college board, one million illegal immigrants targeted.” (The Police Should. ) With that said , “giving this criteria of power to the cops would definitely raise the percentage of illegal immigrants caught in the country, just for giving them the right to act when they feel they need to.” (The Police Should. ) by the way the fact of a bill like that passing will deter them enough to send them back to their home country. By the way U.S. tax dollars are used to pay for public servants like police Summarise the Laws and Codes of Practice Affecting Work in Schools. that children have the a descriptive essay about, right to express their opinions and to have those opinions heard and acted upon when appropriate, to college board sat essay rubric be protected from write essay abuse or exploitation, and to have their privacy protected, and it requires that their lives not be subject to excessive interference. • Education Act 2002/2006 - Schools which have innovative ideas to improve education, but are prevented by an existing law from implementing them, will be able to apply for exemption from that law. Schools which demonstrate The Main Laws that Protect Employees at college board sat essay rubric, Work Essay. an hour was also introduced on in resume, 1st October 2004 for those 16-17 year olds above compulsory school age. Sonora foods abide by this law, the lowest they pay is ?5.33 to the production workers, but recently introduced a wage increase of college sat essay rubric 3%, which raised the wage to ?5.49 an hour. * Health and Safety at Work Act 1974: All employers must provide safe working conditions, with safety procedures put in place if and accident should happen. Employers Governments Must Balance Law with Individual Rights Essay. unforeseen law. You are told you have the freedom to choose your own religion and for engineering, have your own beliefs, but is this really true?

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Paradox of Flesh: The Art of Chris Ofili. T HE WORK OF British-born artist Chris Ofili, Turner Prize–winner in 1996 and 2003 British representative at the Venice Biennale, poses a particular challenge. Almost every review of his major 2010 retrospective at London’s Tate Britain alluded to the “spirituality” of the work of this former altar boy; the artist himself often gives religious titles to board sat essay rubric, his paintings and installations, such as Holy Virgin Mary (1996), The Upper Room (1999–2002), and The Raising of about, Lazarus (2007); and, in interviews, he is prepared to affirm that “stories within the Bible still have a relevance to my life and contemporary life in rubric general.” Plate 7. Chris Ofili. The Holy Virgin Mary , 1996. Acrylic, oil, polyester resin, paper collage, glitter, map pins, and elephant dung on linen.

96 x 72 inches. Courtesy of Victoria Miro Gallery, London. All images copyright of the to Statistical essay, artist. And yet this is the artist whose work fomented a globally reported storm at an exhibition of board sat essay, controversial British art at the Brooklyn Museum in 1999, when New York mayor Rudy Giuliani, objecting to the artist’s use of feces and crotch shots cut from pornographic magazines to adorn a painting of a black Virgin Mary, threatened to withdraw public funding from the museum (the picture was also attacked with white paint by one Dennis Heiner, a pious seventy-two-year-old Roman Catholic) [see Plate 7]. Write Analysis Report! This is an artist who, inspired by the low-life of London’s King’s Cross area, where from his studio window he could observe the shady goings-on of sat essay, pimps and drug dealers, gave his works titles such as Pimpin’ Ain’t Easy (1997), Seven Bitches Tossing Their Pussies before the Divine Dung (1995) and The Adoration of Captain Shit and the Legend of the Black Stars (1998)—works not obviously critical of the exploitative world they observe or possibly even celebrate. In what sense, therefore, can the analysis report, work of Ofili, one of the most important British artists of the Damien Hirst generation, be seen as spiritual, or as exhibiting spirituality? One critic has suggested that Ofili simply “treats all human experience as a kind of great lumber room to be plundered…one giant, teeming department store asking to be looted” (a particularly unfortunate phrase). For this artist, are religious themes simply one more shop to be pillaged? Or is college it that the luscious, almost excessive richness of the decorative surfaces of his works, of a quality that is extraordinary even for our hardly sensually deprived era, evokes a response more usually associated with the further reaches of religious experience?

But perhaps there are better explanations for the quasi-religious effect so often claimed for Ofili’s paintings. First, the biographical details. Ofili was born in 1968 and brought up in the inner suburbs of Manchester, an industrial city in the north of England, in about essay a practicing Roman Catholic family. College Sat Essay! He served mass as an altar boy, and attended his local Roman Catholic school—hence his natural grasp of a particular Catholic devotional vocabulary and iconography. His parents are Igbo from Lagos, Nigeria, and moved to England in paper 1965; Ofili himself, however, does not speak Igbo and indeed has never been to Nigeria. Originally intending to pursue a career in furniture design, he embarked on board an arts foundation course at a Manchester technical college and, inspired by a particular teacher, Bill Clarke, who “talked about optical amplifier research paper biorhythms, spirituality, and college board sat essay personal energy,” discovered painting; realizing that this was to be his vocation, he studied at Chelsea School of write a compartive, Art in London beginning in 1988 and moved to the Royal College of Art for his MA in 1991. In 1992, he travelled to Zimbabwe on a British Council scholarship for six weeks, where he made two discoveries: ancient cave paintings in the Matobo Hills, and board sat essay rubric what was to become the signature of his early years: balls of elephant dung encountered on an abortive safari to see elephants in the wild. He became a professional artist, moving in 1996 to fashionable studios near King’s Cross station, whose downtown ambience inspired several of his sleazier titles of the period, and exhibiting with the “young British artists,” notably in Sensation (at the Royal Academy in London in 1997 and cover for engineering the Brooklyn Museum in 1999, where his Holy Virgin Mary became a succes de scandale ); in 1998 he won the Turner Prize, the UK’s premier contemporary art honor. In 2000 he became a trustee of the Tate Gallery, and in college board 2003 was chosen to represent Britain at a descriptive my mother the Venice Biennale.

In 2005 he moved to Port of Spain, Trinidad; also in 2005 his large-scale installation The Upper Room was purchased by the Tate Gallery (this, too, was a cause of board rubric, scandal, as he was a trustee). He has exhibited widely in the UK and elsewhere, and although principally a painter has also created sculpture—including one of cover in resume, his earliest pieces, Shithead (1993), an open-mouthed face made from a ball of elephant dung with human teeth and college sat essay locks of the artist’s own hair—and stained-glass work, notably for write a compartive essay the Stephen Lawrence Centre, Deptford, built to commemorate a young black student killed in southeast London in 1993, whose bungled murder investigation became a cause celebre . Plate 8. Chris Ofili. Afrodizzia (Second Version), 1996. Acrylic, oil, polyester resin, paper collage, glitter, map pins, and elephant dung on linen. 96 x 72 inches. College Board Rubric! Courtesy of Victoria Miro Gallery, London.

Ofili’s retrospective at the Tate was hugely enjoyable. The richness of the in resume, painted surfaces, the college, layers of color often applied in clouds of letter in resume for engineering, small dots reminiscent of sat essay rubric, aboriginal painting or African beadwork, the simple line and organic patterns of thinly applied paint, please the eye, while collaged images often cut from optical pornographic or black power magazines sound a raucous countermelody also evident in the regular occurrence of elephant turds or liquid excrement that prevents the images from sinking back in pure seduction—for example, the very beautiful Painting with Shit on It (1993), which is paradoxically redeemed by fecal smearing, or Afrodizzia (1996) where the faces of college board sat essay rubric, a galaxy of black heroes are collaged onto a delicious, patterned surface of saturated color and fractal lines whose fluorescent, artificial colors contradict their organic meanderings [see Plate 8]. The painting is generally quite flat—there is little sense of depth—but enlivened by the complex, quasi-organic patterning either of about, small dots of college rubric, paint or of a lyrical, looping line or organic shapes, either plant-like or anatomical. Figures, especially faces, are always stylized—and yet, strangely, very human. Humor abounds—the hero of a competitive analysis, Pimpin’ Ain’t Easy is board sat essay rubric a monstrous erect phallus with a cartoon face; the (black) heroine Foxy Roxy (1997) sports a huge pair of pink breasts—and so does pathos. No Woman, No Cry , a tribute to Doreen Lawrence, the mother of the murdered British teenager, shows her as a semi-transparent weeping woman of dignified beauty; small cameos of her son are collaged into a compartive essay, her tears, and rubric yet she appears neither bitter nor broken by her grief [see back cover].

Plate 9. Chris Ofili. The Raising of Lazarus , 2007. Oil and charcoal on how to a competitive linen. 110 x 79 inches. Photo: David Zwirner. Later, a series of sumptuous watercolors exploit rich hues in simple images; paintings from his Venice Biennale period feature the black, red, and green of African identity; a series of pencil drawings celebrate a faux-naif, frank, female sexuality that would be the envy of many in the art-historical canon: if only some of the more uptight surrealists had had Ofili’s assurance, how many prurient monstrosities we might have been spared.

A blue period plays a midnight cobalt against lyrical, almost illegible black figures; and the most recent works, different again, offer Tobagan themes, simplified shapes, extravagant colors, and a return of religious or at college board sat essay rubric least spiritual titles [see Plate 9]. If there is one common factor running through these different periods of Ofili’s work, it is that despite their shallow, almost decorative surface and cover lyrical patterning, the college sat essay rubric, viewer instinctively reads them as embodied, and it is surely above all this sense of embodiment that gives Ofili’s painting depth and seriousness. A number of Introduction to Statistical Signal essay, elements come together to create this effect. There is the board rubric, clear influence of dance, the most embodied of the arts. Amplifier Research! (Ofili often remarks upon the influence of hip-hop on his painting.) There is the texture of the whorls of paint which inevitably evoke the fractal irregularity of flesh. There is the organic, sinuous line that in this context evokes the sensuous complexity of the surface of the human body. Plate 11. Chris Ofili.

Blossom, 1997. Oil, polyester resin, glitter, map pins, and elephant dung on linen. 96 x 72 inches. Courtesy of Contemporary Fine Arts, Berlin. Photo: Jochen Littkemann. A typical work such as Blossom (1997) is supported by two misshapen elephant turds for feet [see Plate 11]. The painting’s name is spelled out in colorful map pins on seven smaller turds attached to the surface. On the college, left-hand side, a delicious orange wash forms the background—on the right, subtler pastel blues, greens, and lilac—to an elegantly stylized collection of organic, plant-like forms, leaves, and stems, painted in very inorganic blue and red and made even more artificial by a frosting of white dots of glitter. By contrast, in other places the paint has been allowed to dribble down the essay my mother, canvas in viscous smears reminiscent of body fluids. Against this sumptuously visual-tactile undergrowth, separated only by a thin blue line, there emerges the figure of Blossom herself—her hair, flesh, and dress painted in complex whorls of small dots.

Blossom has a flower in her hair, pink lips, and red fingernails, and rather knowingly displays her bare breast to us: half earth-mother (at one with her organic frame) and half seductress—the gap formed by the crook of her arm and sat essay rubric painted the bright red of a compartive essay, her fingernails hints at other pleasures. The vibrant color contrasts, the complex surface patterning, the sinuous blue line, the stylized cartoon figure whose expression is so engagingly ambivalent (like her double eyes)—all contrive to make this seductively simple, flat painting much more complex than it first appears. Their initial appearance notwithstanding, these paintings are no lightweight saccharine drops, but are fully within the canon of serious western painting. Despite the sat essay rubric, often scabrous humor and the desire to shock typical of a young artist, despite the optical amplifier paper, in-your-face use of collage, dung, and cultural stereotypes, there is a seriousness of college board rubric, purpose that, perhaps fortunately, escapes the artist himself—to judge from his many published interviews. For Ofili’s work is a meditation upon the human predicament of being enfleshed.

This is where his painting becomes truly interesting and for engineering possibly even spiritual. For philosophers, flesh is the great paradox: it is the terrible exception, the meeting point of intellect and will, of mind and matter. Flesh is where the tangible immediacy of the real brushes against the ethereal domain of the logos. Platonists and college rubric ascetics long to about, be rid of it and to dwell in board rubric pure Being—artists and lovers celebrate it and protest at its decay. In a late work, the French phenomenologist Maurice Merleau-Ponty celebrates this paradox of flesh. Our flesh, he says, is how to write a competitive analysis made of the board rubric, same matter as the world, and yet the two are not the about essay, same at all. If you touch your right hand with your left: …my left hand is on the verge of touching my right hand, touching the thing, but I never reach coincidence; the coincidence eclipses at the moment of realization, and one of two things always occurs—either my right hand really passes over to the ranks of the touched, but then its hold on board rubric the world is in resume for engineering interrupted; or it retains its hold on the world, but then I do not really touch it— my left hand palpates only its outer covering. The flesh is the point of coincidence between two immiscible ways of seeing the world. For Merleau-Ponty, this coincidence is as much “transgression” as juxtaposition; for him, the body is college sat essay “the nullpunkt [zero point] of all the dimensions of the world”: flesh is “ weltmoglichkeit ”—that which makes the a descriptive essay my mother, world possible. Not everyone shares Merleau-Ponty’s love of paradox. There are always scientists or philosophers who would rather cut the Gordian knot.

For example, in college a recent discussion program on essay BBC Radio on board rubric the possibility of extraterrestrial intelligence, scientist Paul Davies simply assumed that in a matter of centuries, human beings would have outgrown our frail, unreliable, and disease-prone bodies (his point being that visiting aliens were hardly likely to essay, be embodied little green men). Board Sat Essay! When another panelist challenged his assumption, relating the plot of Fred Hoyle’s novel The Black Cloud (1960) in which a very advanced alien visitor hovers above the world as a dark vapor, and a descriptive my mother the one thing on earth that could be found to impress it is a masterpiece of interiority, a late Beethoven string quartet, the scientist replied that this was most unlikely; music was simply a local phenomenon, far too dependent on our particular somatic functions and sensibilities to be of eternal significance. Here is the crux of the issue: is human flesh simply a local affair? Are its vulnerability and transient beauty, its openness to suffering and love, and college board rubric its evolutionary necessity to my mother, decay, as hymned by poets and celebrated by artists such as Ofili, a transient feature of the college sat essay, universe, to how to write a competitive report, be replaced as soon as possible by some more dependable silicon-based rather than carbon matrix; or is the celebration of the flesh perhaps humanity’s most precious contribution to the sterile and inhospitable cosmos, a home in the vastness of interstellar space? Poets like to point out that the evocation of the philosophers’ transcendental sublime is only ever achieved with extraordinary carnality: the blood, sweat, and college board sat essay rubric tears of musicians rubbing horsehair against terrorism, catgut, or artists their sable into pigmented oil, or philosophers their ink onto pulped vegetable matter, their bottoms wedged firmly into library chairs. Philosophers, by college contrast, reply that without their fleshless symbolic order, we would not even be able to name or recognize blood, sweat, tears—or bottoms.

Ofili’s painting brings this conflict between the spirituality of matter and material priority of spirit into direct focus. Speaking of bottoms, Ofili’s use of elephant turds almost ubiquitously in his earlier works is optical research entirely germane to sat essay, this debate about the putative eternal quality of a compartive, flesh. Having smuggled back to the UK some of the elephant turds he found littering the savannah of a Zimbabwean game park at college board sat essay the end of his revelatory visit, Ofili has thereafter consistently used them (courtesy of London Zoo) both to write my mother, prop up his paintings (after they have been coated in lacquer and decorated with colorful map pins spelling out the title of the work) and as collage elements in the paintings themselves. The Holy Virgin Mary’s breast is a turd, for example, as is the pendant worn by She (1997) and by the heroine of No Woman, No Cry . College Board Sat Essay Rubric! But if Ofili’s celebration of fecal matter began as typical of a young artist wishing to epater les bourgeois (and the august mayor of New York gamely fell for it), the viewer cannot help but sense that the write, turds add more to his paintings than surprise. There can be no life without its rich fecal counterpart. Even philosophers are aware of this. As Jacques Derrida himself put it: “When you smell shit, you smell being.” (And it is salutary to remember that the air we breathe is the excretion of several million years of microorganisms.) But this is a truth easily ignored. If the great minimalist deserts of board rubric, aesthetic modernism were well in about terrorism essay the past by the time Ofili started painting, there still remained in rubric the art world enough of the aura of the empty white cube for its purity to be a viable subject for cover in resume for engineering blasphemy.

And if by Ofili’s own time, postmodern art had produced all manner of curious growths, much of it was little richer or less pretentious. As Ofili’s Captain Shit beat back the enchanted forest of college board, briars and thickets of sophisticated contemporary art to reawaken the sleeping beauty of a compartive essay, fleshly painting and rouse her with a dance, his erect, jovial phallus mocked both the disguised moral Puritanism that went with the aesthetic Puritanism of the intellectualizing artists and board hard-edged abstractionists of the 1960s and 70s, and also the vacuous “contemporary vogue for Afro-celebration” (Judith Nesbitt) of the about essay, 1990s. In either case, Ofili the clown was able to slip unmolested through the defenses of the art world. In passing, one should note that although flesh is prone not only to defecation but also to human discrimination on rubric grounds of color, this does not appear to a compartive, be an important theme. Ofili seems more concerned with celebrating the richness of a particular, very urban culture than using his flesh as a convenient flag under which to fight urban tribal wars.

Lisa Corrin, in board sat essay an article entitled “Confounding the Introduction to Statistical Signal essay, Stereotypes,” argues that in board sat essay rubric a laidback, uncorrect way, “He confutes the write a competitive report, cliches of college, blackness” and “slays the sacred cows of political correctness”—whether racist or modernist. As Ofili put it himself, “My project is not a PC project. That’s my direct link to blaxploitation. I’m trying to cover letter in resume for engineering, make serious things you can laugh at. College! It allows you to laugh about issues that seem potentially serious. Introduction To Statistical! There are no rules.” Carol Becker likens Ofili to the mythical trickster: “the trickster mixes up the sacred and rubric profane”; although he “appears to debase the sacred by how to write analysis report introducing earthly dirt into his/her practice”…the “visual consequence of board sat essay, this dirtying is the how to write a competitive report, god’s eventual renewal.” Could it be that Ofili’s art is sincerely religious behind its mockery, and contains, as she implies, the seeds of religious renewal? Perhaps this is one source of Ofili’s evident sense of spirituality: an exploration in paint of the eternal significance of the flesh. If so, it is most effective when unconscious. Rubric! The vagina-like folds (in the artist’s words) of the Holy Virgin Mary’s blue cloak and the blankness of her resonant face come across not as blasphemous, despite the pornographic cutouts and elephant-turd breast, but as a surprisingly heartfelt prayer (perhaps an echo of some Marian litany familiar from childhood) for Processing essay clarity or compassion amid the semi-pornographic blaxploitation movies his circle enjoyed. The paint glows with possibilities, and board sat essay rubric even her turd-breast tricks the mind into varied chains of association, not all of them negative.

Plate 10. Chris Ofili. The Upper Room , 1999–2002. Installation at Tate Britain, 2005. For Engineering! Courtesy of Victoria Miro Gallery, London. College Board Sat Essay! Photo: Stephen White. On the other hand, Ofili’s celebrated installation, The Upper Room, which consciously takes its cue from the Last Supper, is less successful.

A series of thirteen brightly colorful, hatted monkeys holding goblets painted against different organic backgrounds are placed in terrorism essay a specially designed, darkened room lined with aromatic tropical walnut and lit with atmospheric spotlights [see Plate 10]. The installation was designed by David Adjaye, the architect and designer who also worked with Ofili on the British pavilion at Venice, and college rubric he has used every available device to give a quasi-religious, numinous aura to the works his room contains. The result is a portentous religiosity. The pictures’ gloriously painted surfaces, glowing in the dark with dazzling brilliance—with implicit spirituality, perhaps—are artificially elevated to an explicit profundity whose weight they cannot bear. This is a nonsense: a shrine to no god, an empty tabernacle, a sacred space dedicated to the worst sort of contentless religious experience (“spirituality lite,” as one critic calls it) crying out for a Gideon to take an axe to essay, it. If this were a conscious attempt to mock the college board, implicit spirituality of the about essay, modernist white cube, it would be very funny. But one cannot even laugh aloud in this sacred grove for fear of offending the good pagans who are exhorting their children in hushed tones to look at the beautiful monkeys. College Board Rubric! Adjaye has explained that he created a consciously religious space, a meditative chamber: “it was as though the light created a window to some other world.” Ofili’s painting is sufficiently rich not to need otherworldly assistance.

Wherein, then, lies his spirituality? Ofili represents the flesh of women and men, certainly, but perhaps too, as Merleau-Ponty describes it, the flesh of the Introduction Signal Processing, universe. “The flesh of the world is not explained by the flesh of the body…. The flesh of the world can’t touch itself, like my flesh. It is college board sat essay touchable, but cannot touch.” And yet, despite appearances, the world is not something out there, final and about essay complete. “The visible is not full presence, total immediacy…. College Board! The visible is not a chunk of absolutely hard, indivisible being, offered all naked to a vision which could only be total or null,” but “it is rather a sort of straits between internal and external horizons.” And so, Merleau-Ponty adds, “I still call it flesh—because it is pregnant with possibility.” It is surely no accident that Saint John uses this metaphor for Jesus’s incarnation: “The Word became flesh, and letter for engineering dwelt among us.” For Saint John, the impossible union of divinity and humanity actually takes place in Jesus’s flesh, just as for Merleau-Ponty, flesh is the college board sat essay, impossible but actual emulsion that holds together those immiscible contraries: internal and external horizons, sensation and logos, that conjunction of first person and third person, so easily conjugated in letter for engineering the grammarian’s table, and yet “the sign in the space on the page,” as R.S. Thomas puts it, “that is the grammarian’s torment and the mystery at board sat essay the cell’s core, and how to write report the equation that will not come out.” In an article on board sat essay Paul Ricoeur, Pierre Caussat suggests that even in a postmodern world without big themes or metanarrative, philosophy still has an important role to play: not to provide a unified answer to everything (as was once hoped), but simply to try to reassemble the fragmentary results of the human sciences. “Reassemble: that’s conjuring the letter, fragments into a bouquet, certainly not unitary, but at least harmonious, even symphonic.” What better description of Ofili’s work at its best could there be than as a bouquet conjured of the fragments of everyday life in all its multifaceted variety—elephant turds and sat essay pornographic images included—all brought together in a harmonious or even symphonic ensemble? In a sense, all good art recapitulates in miniature the processes of life itself.

Just as microorganisms created our atmosphere out of terrorism, sterile methane, and just as the multiplicity of earthly life in general creates organic out of inorganic substance, producing fertile loam (shit, even) out of bare matter, so human beings are turning matter into college sat essay, world. On earth, the about, dust of the Milky Way becomes vulnerable, frail, sensuous flesh, the home both of godlike reason and board rubric divine compassion; and amplifier paper art somehow, in college board rubric some miracle of incarnation, celebrates the paradox of flesh that clothes them both. Cover Letter! Perhaps in the symphonic bouquet that is Ofili’s painting, the sense of spirituality we gain is precisely that. The Image archive is supported in part by an award from the sat essay, National Endowment for Processing the Arts. Access one piece of artwork every month for free!

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Is ‘Doing Nothing’ a Good Use of Your Time? Questions about issues in the news for college sat essay students 13 and Signal, older. This question is inspired by an Op-Ed piece from Sunday’s paper in which Mark Edmundson, now an board sat essay rubric, English professor, writes about the five years after college graduation that he spent “wandering around doing nothing — or getting as close to it as I could manage.” In an era when many high school and college students feel they need to spend their time building an impressive resume focused on a competitive, a future college or career, what is your reaction to his idea that young adults should, instead, “hang out a little, learn to take it slow”? In “The Pink Floyd Night School,” Mr. College Board Sat Essay. Edmundson describes his five years of “doing nothing” and write a compartive, the job that was his most memorable — working on a stage crew for rock concerts: […] But I did take it slow.

After graduation, I spent five years wandering around doing nothing — or getting as close to it as I could manage. I was a cab driver, an obsessed moviegoer, a wanderer in the mountains of Colorado, a teacher at board sat essay rubric, a crazy grand hippie school in Vermont, the manager of a movie house (who didn’t do much managing), a crewman on a ship and a doorman at a descriptive my mother, a disco. The most memorable job of all, though, was a gig on the stage crew for a rock production company in Jersey City. College. We did our shows at Roosevelt Stadium, a grungy behemoth that could hold 60,000, counting seats on Introduction to Statistical essay, the grass. College Sat Essay Rubric. I humped amps out of the write essay trucks and onto board sat essay rubric, the stage; six or so hours later I humped them back. A Compartive Essay. I did it for the Grateful Dead and Alice Cooper and the Allman Brothers and Crosby, Stills #038; Nash on sat essay rubric, the night that Richard Nixon resigned. But the most memorable night of that most memorable job was the write a descriptive essay about my mother night of Pink Floyd. […] “So, what are you doing after graduation?” Thirty-five years later, a college teacher, I ask my students the old question. College. They aren’t inclined to dissimulate now. Optical Amplifier Research. The culture is on their side when they tell me about board sat essay rubric, law school and optical amplifier, med school and higher degrees in journalism and business; or when they talk about a research grant in China or a well-paying gig teaching English in Japan. I’m impressed, sure, but I’m worried about board sat essay, them too.

Aren’t they deciding too soon? Shouldn’t they hang out a little, learn to take it slow? I can’t help it. I flash on write a descriptive essay about, that canopy of college board sat essay rubric, white silk floating out into the void. I can see it as though it were still there. I want to point up to it. How To Write Report. I’d like for my students to see it, too. Students: Tell us what you think of Mr. College Board Sat Essay. Edmundson’s story, and of his idea that “hanging out” and cover letter for engineering, experiencing life the way he did might be a better choice after graduation than following a rigorous career path right away. How pressured do you feel, in general, about building a resume that will get you into college board a future college, graduate program or career? Students 13 and older are invited to comment below.

Please use only a compartive essay your first name. For privacy policy reasons, we will not publish student comments that include a last name. Comments are no longer being accepted. Would be nice to grow up before globalization. Such things were nice when you only had to rubric, compete with other lazy westerners, but now that you’ve gotta top some Chinese student working 16 hour days for your spot in the shrinking middle class its time to get to work. “I was a cab driver, an obsessed moviegoer, a wanderer in the mountains of Colorado, a teacher at a crazy grand hippie school in Vermont, the manager of a movie house (who didn’t do much managing), a crewman on a ship and write a descriptive my mother, a doorman at a disco.” I am a retired Navy submariner, student and a career counselor for Michigan Works! Seems to me that the professor did not “do nothing.” He worked various jobs: they weren’t on his intended career path is all. College Sat Essay Rubric. He filled what otherwise would have been viewed as a gap in employment with, well, employment. Even in today’s environment, perhaps, especially in today’s environment, that would be viewed as a positive thing. Today, you can’t assume that jobs like he held after school will even be available when today’s cohort graduates, or when the unemployed lose their compensation, or even when they decide for themselves it’s time to get back to work “doing anything.”

As a soon-to-be (two weeks!) college graduate who is going immediately into a PhD program, I can perhaps understand Prof. Introduction To Statistical Signal Processing. Edmundson’s worries about the high-pressure environs toward which we college grads are being inexorably driven. College Board Rubric. I believe some future grad students might be well served by taking a year or two off, testing their sense of write, prospective vocation against board sat essay rubric the myriad possibilities the world has to offer. The decision to enter a profession ought never to be taken lightly; rather, it must be the about terrorism essay fruit of a meticulous process of deliberation and college, discernment. In this way, Prof. Edmundson is spot-on: his notion of “learn[ing] to take it slow” affords the opportunity to reflect and decide in a more intentional way.

But who am I to talk? I’m certainly not taking Prof. Edmundson’s advice. Optical Amplifier. However, I’m going immediately into graduate work because I feel deeply, deeply called to devote my life to the academy, to teaching and research. Yet this is college sat essay, a consequence of years of discernment; I appreciate (on some level, at least) the sacrifices and research paper, the joys that my future studies will entail. I suppose this all ultimately depends on the individual. The greatest irony? Prof. Edmundson will be one of my professors in the fall. Let’s hope he doesn’t hold my rush to grad school against college board me, haha. “Not all who wander are lost” – j.r.r. tolkien.

…..Should have been the how to write a competitive report title of this article. This is clearly a case where 5 years of wandering were spun into board “doing nothing” when in fact those five years were probably extremely formative and led to some amazing doors being opened. I don’t think the point is that “he did nothing” because its clear that he did, he did a lot!! So how to get kids to think about alternatives to jumping right into a career track. Where is the creative thinking about analysis, what kind of a role high schools can play in offering diverse experiences where kids can explore and college sat essay, discover themselves?

How do we prepare kids for 21st century careers, with competition from around the globe? Well I can think of one thing different, maybe our kids need to wander further than Prof Edmundson, wander all the how to write a competitive analysis way around the globe. Or I guess we could just keep preparing them to take standardized tests…… Mr Edmundson’s description is a totally strange reality for me. After I’ve finished high school, my parents stopped supporting me like before. I still have a home and I can count on them, anyway I have to work, so I need to conciliate college, work and whatever goals I desire to college sat essay, achieve. In my situation study hard is a light at the end of the cover letter in resume for engineering tunnel, a spark of hope to get a better (less suffering, well-paid job). Mr. College. Edmundson was “doing nothing”? Sounds like he was engaging in life in a deep, explorative and personal way.

Sounds like “something” to how to write a competitive, me. Just an aside here. The band Pink Floyd were a collective. Rubric. There was no leader named “Pink” (their satirical song, “Have A Cigar” from the “Wish You Were Here” album notwithstanding). The group is more commonly and Introduction to Statistical Signal, accurately referred to as “Pink Floyd” or simply “the Floyd.” Rather mystifying that both the professor who wrote this otherwise thought-provoking op-ed, and the Times editor in charge of this submission failed to note this error. Personally, I think our time as teenagers could be better spent pondering our future. Having a plan ready seems like a more accurate aproach to adulthood without worrying what you’re gonna do at the last minute.

I myself have spent a great deal of rubric, time thinking of my future and how I would like to succeed in certain aspects of to Statistical Processing essay, my life. Sat Essay. I really hope a lot of teens will be taking this approach because they are our future, and write a descriptive about, what will happen if they take a wrong turn is beyond our comprehension. Mr. Edmundson says that he didn’t do anything but I disagree. He did plenty of work. Then again, I do agree with his idea that it would be good to just “chill”, so to speek, before diging for a career. If a person takes his time to college board rubric, find out what he/she wants to do before he/she does it, it will give them time to about, think over what exacty they want to do. Board Sat Essay Rubric. I do belive that it’s very important to do this but not to the extent that you are desperate for a job. I think lazyness is part of this generation today lots of people are very lazy and about terrorism essay, play video games and they eat lots of junk food.

People that don’t get out board rubric of the write about house and get enough exercise will become fat and will die of a heart attack. Work will always be there, youth will not! when i get out of collage i hope i will have to college board, find work to do instead of not working straight after collage. You should finish college right after school. If you finish college right after school you can then have fun and what ever you want with out a compartive worrying about having to finish college and college board sat essay, getting an education. Not only would you be done with your education but you would be wiser in your actions and cover letter, you won’t do anything stupid because you are educated.

I think that you should graduate high school and board sat essay, go directly to write about my mother, college. When you do this you get all your schooling done. You can major in what ever you want. You can than go right out into the world. This can help you get a job very easily.

This will be good because you can make money and live your life. I don’t really feel pressured going to college board, college because I take life one step at a time, and I am still deciding what college I want to go to. After reading “Is ‘Doing Nothing a Good Use’ of Your Time”, Mr. Edmund’s idea of “hanging out” after college is a compartive essay, not a good idea for people. Even though it may be a fun time to sat essay rubric, just ‘hang out’ after graduation, but people can’t always have fun. It is not responsible to just throw away everything you’ve learned over the years and then just start over amplifier, a few years later and try to just get bye. A fact is when you get older your brain stops developing and it would be harder to learn like how you would learn as a child our teenager. I, myself is under a lot of pressure about sat essay, future college then my career. I am in high school and I try my hardest to pass. In a few years I would want to get into cover for engineering a great culinary school for my future career.

I work really hard now so I could get in. If I wouldn’t try now, then there would be a great amount of college board rubric, difficulty getting in. i belive that after school you should jump in to to Statistical Signal Processing, the work force because doing nothing is the most boring thing in the world. so i think Mr. Edmundsons idea was a stupid one because he wasted 5 years of his life on stupid stuff and college board sat essay rubric, during that five years he could have built a future insted of cover in resume for engineering, doing stupid things. After high school I would like to college, just hang out then after a few years. I would look for research paper a job that I would end up finding a job that I really like and end up retiring from sat essay rubric that job. Those jobs… cab driver… waiter… are FT jobs that put food on some peoples tables… that is something. A Competitive Analysis Report. So from reading this article he was doing “something”. Doing nothing is board sat essay, not working… not paying bills… living off others… Maybe those are not career jobs… but you gotta start somewhere, especially during these times. As a recent college grad- I think that alot of people my age choose these so called “nothing” jobs as a in-the-meanwhile job for money…all the while working towards the better job… everything is for that desired career job!

And we get there… slowly but surely. But we know how to how to a competitive analysis report, enjoy ourselves on the way #128521; I think that Mr. Edmundson’s story is good, the way he went about sat essay, his life has led him to where he is how to analysis report, today. If he didn’t just “hang out” and do those random jobs he could have been stuck behind a desk at a job that he hated. I do not feel real pressured quite yet even with college right around the board rubric corner. But I do believe that after college I should have a pretty good idea of Processing, what I would want to do for my career all set in board rubric, stone. Write A Descriptive. Building a resume can be done while hanging out after college as well.

I think that it would be good to hang out and do nothing for a few years, before deciding what I would actually want to do with the rest of my life. But I think it would depend on the person on what they think is the best for them. Teenagers nowadays are always really stressed about their education and future. People want to be done and out in the world as soon as possible, and it seems like everyone needs to stress through life. I agree with Mr. Edmundson that we should take it easy and just sort of experience life, which we don’t have time to do very often. But if everyone did that, people would probably get less educated. I think that both of them are important, so a combination of the two of them would be awesome. Even though Mr. Edmundson didn’t go to college and board rubric, that worked for about him in all, but it’s a different era.

There are a lot of higher standards for students now to board, get jobs. Going to college will benefit the students going right after high school rather than waiting and a competitive analysis report, putting their life on hold. Back then some people didn’t have to go they could just go out and rubric, get a factory job. Students now will get ahead start on life by going to a competitive report, college right away. This article is interesting on many different levels. The writer is advocating ‘doing nothing’ but I doubt that that is what younger adults should really do.

Working and board, gaining a true education is a person’s true means to having pride in ones accomplishments. There is no productivity when nothing is being done. I don’t feel stressed about my future, and a compartive essay, it’s difficult for board sat essay me to understand how any person could. I am excited to go to college to gain various skills, and I feel joyful whenever I consider getting the job that I’ve strived to obtained, earning my own money and living my life without being regarded as a child. Sure, there must be some fun sometimes. Optical Amplifier Research. Some type of entertaining activity should be included and sought after in life, but I don’t think that those activities should be a main focus.

Many high school graduates debate whether they should go straight to college board, college or a career or take a year off and just hang out, maybe travel the world or just take it easy. I believe that you should go to college because right after high school because you are the most motivated then. If you take a year off of write a compartive essay, school you will have no motivation to go back and statistics prove that. Why not go to college right after high school? At least take some classes from a community college. It will get you on rubric, the right track!

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